Arthritis is the most common of all diseases in elderly people. It accounts for more than seventy percent of all arthritis cases among seniors in the United States. Arthritis is a degenerative disease that causes the loss of cartilage, or cushions between bones, which may weaken the joints. One can develop arthritis, or get arthritis, due to a variety of different factors, including;
The first thing you should know about arthritis is that it doesn’t discriminate. Anyone can get it, regardless of their age, race, gender, or income level. It is rare for it to develop within one’s first 10 years of life. Typically, adults are at greater risk for developing arthritis, although children may be predisposed to the disease if they have a family history of the disease. Some studies have shown that arthritis is actually more common in older adults, but the younger you are when you develop the condition, the less likely you are to develop arthritis.
Arthritis occurs when the body cannot properly heal itself from an injury or infection. There are various types of arthritis:
Inflammatory arthritis. This type of arthritis usually occurs in the hip, knee, or spine. It usually occurs in people who have injured their joints in a bad way, such as from overuse. This type of arthritis normally responds well to anti-inflammatory drugs and can be treated with medicines such as ibuprofen. Patients may also undergo surgery in order to remove damaged cartilage.
Rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis usually develops in people who have been exposed to arthritis-causing substances, such as nicotine and chemicals used in tanning beds. Rheumatoid arthritis is much more common in women than in men and tends to affect the elbows, hips, and knees. This type of arthritis may be diagnosed through various methods, including:
Congenital arthritis. This type of arthritis usually occurs in children, especially those who are premature.
Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a bone disease where the bones become weak and brittle, making them less flexible. This is a serious health problem, and if not taken care of early, can lead to fractures and possible heart attacks.
Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition where the bones become loose and lose their flexibility. This can cause pain and discomfort.
Autoimmune diseases, such as systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis, can cause inflammation and swelling of the joints. As a result, the cartilage within the joints is worn away, resulting in pain and stiffness.
For most of these autoimmune and immune system diseases, there is no cure. In other cases, your doctor may prescribe pain medications to relieve pain and may refer you to an alternative medical practitioner who can better manage the symptoms.
Arthritis has several symptoms that may occur. These include muscle and joint pain, inflammation, swelling, and redness. In some cases, however, your doctor may be able to determine the cause of your arthritis before treating it.